What is sustainable waste management and why should cities embrace it?

My list

Author | Eduardo Bravo

According to a Waste Atlas report by the University of Leeds, the United States produces around 236 million tons of waste each year. North America is followed by Russia, with around 207 million tons of waste, Japan with 52 million tons, Germany with 48 and the United Kingdom with 34.

These figures prove that waste collection is one of the most significant problems faced by cities around the world. Not just because of the logistics involved, but because of the impact that the bad management of these materials can have on the environment.

How can we make waste more sustainable

sustainable waste management 37

The most eco-friendly waste is waste that is not produced. However, given that this is impossible in any society, both old and new, the concept of sustainable waste management has recently emerged, which seeks to harmonize the production of consumer goods with respect for the environment and natural resources.

This balance is achieved through four key concepts knows as The four Rs: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Recover. According to these principles, the involvement of all stakeholders in the different phases of the consumption cycle is essential for sustainable waste management. From producers to consumers, without forgetting waste collection companies.

Therefore, goods need to be generated that produce the lowest amount of waste possible during the manufacturing process. If they do have to be produced, they should ideally be able to be used for other purposes, on both the industrial circuit and in the domestic area. If this is not possible, the product should be made using materials that can be recycled. Lastly, the recovery concept, recently incorporated into this field, offers the possibility of seeing waste management as a means of obtaining income, by considering waste as an asset that can be converted into other assets, such as fertilizer or as a means of producing electricity or heat.

Why is waste management important?

sustainable waste management 36

The smart and sustainable management of urban waste has a direct effect on the environment, the health of the population and it generates economic benefits, for both the companies involved and public services through the savings it generates.

In recent years, countries such as Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Belgium and the Netherlands have embraced this management model, almost completely eliminating their dumping sites and, therefore, the associated protocols, such as burning the waste and the emission of gases into the atmosphere. In fact, even when waste needs to be burned as part of the recovery process, if this operation is carried out within a sustainable management system, the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere is nineteen times lower than in conventional dumping sites.

Sustainable waste management practices

sustainable waste management 38

Some of the practices that form part of smart waste management are:

  1. Acquisition of raw materials based on the production requirements to optimize their use and prevent them from expiring or deteriorating.
  2. Suitable presentation formats, preferably large containers and made using reusable and recyclable materials.
  3. Efficient management of warehouses to preserve goods correctly and place them on the market following the first in, first out principle.
  4. Separating hazardous waste from non-hazardous waste and, these from one another, based on their characteristics and possibilities of recycling, reuse, etc.
  5. Placing waste in separate recipients based on the subsequent recycling process required.
  6. Raising awareness among personnel in companies and consumers through internal training courses and communication campaigns.
  7. Creation of waste management plants that complete this entire process, recycling materials or generating other new ones using the former.

Images | Stweyer, Vladvictoria, PDPics, Prylarer

Related content

Recommended profiles for you

Remember to activate your profile to network!
Activate profile
Robert Compton
Robert Compton
Germany Trade and Invest GmbH
Specialist for cleantech, supporting companies expanding to Germany
la
leslie enrique salomon alvan encinas
servicio de consultores andinos s.a.
I&D mining and agricole
AJ
Arne Jansson
KumBro Utveckling AB
Business Development
Yovanny Vela
Yovanny Vela
Universidad cooperativa de colombia
Jefe de TI
Oscar Malaspina
Oscar Malaspina
Lima 2035
Food Citizen
JF
JORGE FERNANDEZ
amexa
director general
LT
Lorand Toth
Tungsram Operations Kft.
Enrique Regidor
Enrique Regidor
Freelance
Digital Transformation Manager
Miguel Valls
Miguel Valls
Alta life sciences
Managing Director
MS
Marc Serra
Fira Barcelona
Venue Services Director
OB
Octavio Brasil
CAS Tecnologia
Marketing Manager, PR, Product, Promotion.
HH
Hasna Hussein
St Peters School Bcn
Teacher
CW
Carrie Whitlock
City of Elk Grove
Strategic Planning & Innovation Program Manager
Richard Perry
Richard Perry
Lucy Zodion
Head of Business Development
MG
Milton Gomes da Silva Pereira
TRF2
work in Justice System analysing the regulation of the each prosecution.
NG
NEMES GABOR
MIND MATE INSPIRATION
LEAD
KB
Kerryl Bradshaw
Microsoft
Chair sustainability council
CS
Coll Moreno Sergi
Suez Water Spain - Synectic
My role in the company is to manage the commercial and digital channels projects
HK
Hiroaki KATO
UR Linkage Co,.LTD
engineer
Marta Bescansa
Marta Bescansa
UNWTO

Only accessible for registered users
This content is available only for registered users
TO: $$toName$$
SUBJECT: Message from $$fromName$$