This article is available also in spanish here
The new cars and alternative vehicles in cities: connected, electric, autonomous and on-demand
My list

Autor | M. Martinez@EuklidiadasThe electric buzzing sound vibrated off the walls of the pavilion of the 1939 World’s Fair. Futurama (New York), the international exhibition that promised visitors a glance into the future of cities, presented the first autonomous vehicle in history. The audacity of the time made it electric and connected. Eight decades later, time has proved those inventors right, who were way ahead of their time. In the most populous cities in the world we have been testing different urban mobility concepts for a long while, and that first vehicle seems to bring together a considerable part of current trends. Connected, electric, autonomous, and consequently, shared vehicles. That is the future of urban mobility.

Cities that embrace electric mobility

The greenhouse effect, increased by the contamination caused by our mobility habits, is greatly to blame for global warming which, in turn is leading to climate change. An even more pressing point is the fact that this contamination is toxic. Therefore, cities around the world are working on replacing the internal combustion engine with the electric engine.Amsterdam, Rome, Oviedo, Madrid, Barcelona, London… Many European cities have already restricted internal combustion traffic in city centres. Chengdu, Shanghai or Shenzhen are just some examples of this global phenomenon.The latter also introduced a complete fleet of electric buses at the end of 2017. According to official Shenzhen sources, a city with 12 million inhabitants has more than 16,000 electric buses (100%) and over 20,000 pure electric taxis (94.21% of all its taxis). This is just a small example of China’s leadership since, according to the World Economic Forum, around half the electric vehicles are sold in China and by 2025, they will make up one-fifth of the total national fleet.Cities such as Shenzhen (above) prove that the transition, which is much more gradual in the rest of the world, is possible. Most major cities are testing modest shared transport models to introduce electrification to their inhabitants. Others facilitate the use of electric transport (bikes, scooters, motorbikes) on the network to respond to the so-called “last mile” and prevent people from using private vehicles.

Autonomous mobility is here

When we mention autonomous vehicles, we think of cars and science fiction. Yes, robotic cars are more stable than motorbikes and easier to handle than vans or buses and therefore they are becoming the standard in robotic mobility. However, they stopped being just a fantasy a long time ago.Arizona, Florida, Michigan and Pennsylvania joined Singapore in 2018, which has been testing robotic taxis for a long while. They are not the only large cities to allow them, as illustrated by Paris or Madrid. NuTonomy, Waymo, NAVYA, Zoox, Didi, Uber, Ford, EasyMile or May Mobility are just some of the most popular brands in this market. But certainly not the only ones.In 2015, nuTonomy tested its first autonomous vehicle in Singapore and in 2016 it provided users with the ability to hail one of its vehicles via an app. At the end of 2018, Waymo opened and extended this strategy with some residents in Phoenix. This system is particularly interesting as it provides mobility for the elderly, people with visual impairments and children who are incapable of getting around independently at the moment.Furthermore, combined with electrification, autonomous vehicles include benefits not offered by other models, such as lower accident rates -the skill of robot vehicles is additive- and improved efficiency. These advantages compared with conventional mobility are three-fold:
  1. A lower number of autonomous and shared vehicles will free the streets of parked vehicles. According to most sources, private cars are parked 95% of their useful life.
  2. Robotic taxis will be driven in a much more moderate and less aggressive manner than by people. Accelerating and braking, even with electric vehicles, uses energy that can be avoided when the car in which we are travelling knows the route and speed of all other nearby vehicles.
  3. Likewise, there is consensus from most sources that the combination of autonomous and shared mobility will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80%. For this to be possible, vehicles must be connected.

Permanently connected vehicles

Today, many large cities such as New York, Beijing, Mexico City or Madrid, have started to regulate shared transport, focusing on personal vehicles such as scooters. The surge in these standard connected electric vehicles has caused some dispute in terms of road infrastructures; but they also provide lots of benefits.On-demand scooters or bikes, with built-in GPS chip and an embedded SIM, are an alternative with a lower impact on the last mile than larger private vehicles such as motorbikes or cars, particularly if these are combustion engine vehicles. They also enable intermodal mobility. Using the tube after taking a bus or changing lines easily, for example.Rather than getting left behind, traditional vehicles are rapidly adapting to connectivity. In 2016, just 15% of cars for sale in Europe were connected as standard and since 2017, only 22% of manufacturers included this system. However, in 2019, 100% of all vehicles manufactured will be connected, at least, by means of the mandatory eCall safety system.This connection will enhance mobility in cities but will require better telephone infrastructures. This is where reference to the 5G deployment is essential since, during the next decade, a trickle of autonomous vehicles will require low latency in order to make decisions within milliseconds.

Cities that use the generated data

The visible part of the future in cities is reflected as an electric taxi with no steering wheel and which we can hire per minute. However, mobility is very different to that homogeneous and clearly futuristic image. There is a growing number of vehicle types and more urban mobility models, not fewer, and this growth generates a vast volume of data that we can use.Today cities are seen organically, as different flows of vehicles and people that move at various rhythms that are statistically referred to as historical data. As in climate models in relation to rainfall, these historical data help us understand how people get about a city and, based on these, we can design new and improved urban policies.This is the ultimate aim of city councils: based on the evidence that we can now record like never before, they can draw up regulations to improve the lives of their inhabitants. Electrification is enabling us to make progress in reducing pollution; the goal of autonomous mobility is to achieve zero fatalities; and connectivity will allow us to minimise the impact on the environment.Images | istock/PredragImages, Richardcai, iStock/filipefrazao, iStock/Pietro_Ballardini

Related Content
Precarity, Mobility and the City
Precarity, Mobility and the City
The Volkswagen ID.4 – Sustainable mobility with technology from Continental
The Volkswagen ID.4 – Sustainable mobility with technology from Continental
What are the Major Challenges that Smart Cities face?
What are the Major Challenges that Smart Cities face?
Mobility companies team up for Stockholm shared transport services
Mobility companies team up for Stockholm shared transport services
COVID-19 spike may reflect increased mobility, nearing pre-pandemic levels
COVID-19 spike may reflect increased mobility, nearing pre-pandemic levels
Piemonte: A successful Smart Mobility Ecosystem
Piemonte: A successful Smart Mobility Ecosystem
Mitsubishi adds transit complex to Indonesia smart city project
Mitsubishi adds transit complex to Indonesia smart city project
Milan to integrate shared mobility platforms
Milan to integrate shared mobility platforms
The future of smart air mobility
The future of smart air mobility
COVID-19 Transforms The Future Of Mobility: McKinsey & Company
COVID-19 Transforms The Future Of Mobility: McKinsey & Company
COVID-19: what is happening in the area of urban mobility
COVID-19: what is happening in the area of urban mobility
How can urban mobility adapt to today's world and helps to save the planet?
How can urban mobility adapt to today's world and helps to save the planet?
Defining and seizing the mobility ecosystem opportunity
Defining and seizing the mobility ecosystem opportunity
Mobility and the city
Mobility and the city
Australian e-scooters' bumpy ride: 'Like when automobiles appeared on streets filled with horses'
Australian e-scooters' bumpy ride: 'Like when automobiles appeared on streets filled with horses'
Solar trains: what are they and how do they work?
Solar trains: what are they and how do they work?
A true smart city is powered by people
A true smart city is powered by people
When Planning Smart Cities, Don't Forget About Accessibility in Mobility
When Planning Smart Cities, Don't Forget About Accessibility in Mobility
Joby Aviation to go public, pledges air taxi service in 2024
Joby Aviation to go public, pledges air taxi service in 2024
Metro terminates ‘smart city’ data project meant to help count bikes
Metro terminates ‘smart city’ data project meant to help count bikes
Who Has Time For It? Commuting In The Age Of Attention Economy
Who Has Time For It? Commuting In The Age Of Attention Economy
Edinburgh publishes 10-year mobility plan
Edinburgh publishes 10-year mobility plan
Maybe You Should’ve Been Wearing a Mask in the Subway All Along
Maybe You Should’ve Been Wearing a Mask in the Subway All Along
Internet of Cars: A driver-side primer on IoT implementation
Internet of Cars: A driver-side primer on IoT implementation
Air in New York’s Subway Systems Is Highly Polluted, NYU Study Shows
Air in New York’s Subway Systems Is Highly Polluted, NYU Study Shows
An efficient public transport system transforms a city into a smart city
An efficient public transport system transforms a city into a smart city
Micromobility safety app launched to enable rapid emergency response
Micromobility safety app launched to enable rapid emergency response
Big names across micromobility sector form European coalition
Big names across micromobility sector form European coalition
World’s first urban air mobility hub wins government backing
World’s first urban air mobility hub wins government backing
MIT continues AI collaboration with Toyota Research Institute
MIT continues AI collaboration with Toyota Research Institute
Ovo to launch 'half-price' electric vehicle charging tariff
Ovo to launch 'half-price' electric vehicle charging tariff
3 most important predictions for mobility and smart cities in 2021
3 most important predictions for mobility and smart cities in 2021
Paris is turning its iconic street into pedestrian gardens
Paris is turning its iconic street into pedestrian gardens
Too Many Companies Are Banking on Carbon Capture to Reach Net Zero
Too Many Companies Are Banking on Carbon Capture to Reach Net Zero
Greener air travel will depend on these emerging technologies
Greener air travel will depend on these emerging technologies
Tech show offers transport solutions for COVID-changed world
Tech show offers transport solutions for COVID-changed world
Which cities are the best for those without a car?
Which cities are the best for those without a car?
7 mobility startups to watch in 2021
7 mobility startups to watch in 2021
Pedestrianizing cities: Yes, but with alternatives
Pedestrianizing cities: Yes, but with alternatives
Urban mobility will center on MaaS, driverless delivery: report
Urban mobility will center on MaaS, driverless delivery: report
The future of cities is walkable, healthy, resilient places
The future of cities is walkable, healthy, resilient places
The technology changing the way we drive
The technology changing the way we drive
Boundaries of Smart Mobility
Boundaries of Smart Mobility
How high-end cameras and algorithms are making escooters safer
How high-end cameras and algorithms are making escooters safer
Shaking up the African mobility arena
Shaking up the African mobility arena
Micromobility could replace 51% of Chicago car trips
Micromobility could replace 51% of Chicago car trips
More working from home will transport us back to the future
More working from home will transport us back to the future
California clears Nuro's driverless cars to start making commercial deliveries
California clears Nuro's driverless cars to start making commercial deliveries
CIT-UPC: Innovation and Technological Solutions in mobility, health and flood alarm systems
CIT-UPC: Innovation and Technological Solutions in mobility, health and flood alarm systems
German start-up Volocopter to launch flying taxis in Singapore in next 3 years
German start-up Volocopter to launch flying taxis in Singapore in next 3 years
Recommended profiles for you
Remember to activate your profile to network!
Activate profile
Andrea Gómez Oliva
Andrea Gómez Oliva
HOPU
CMO at HOPU
WM
Wolf Mirko
Green Wolf GmbH
Founder CEO of start-up
MH
Mohammad Hossain
Smart Automation Solutions
CEO
JP
JOAN PRADELL LARA
UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA
STUDENT
Miguel Garcia Cobo
Miguel Garcia Cobo
Assoc.Veïns Sant Gervasi Bonanova
Por favor enviar toda la información en español ó catalán.
AT
Agnija Tracuma
Investment and Development Agency of Latvia
Project manager at Export Promotion Division
HM
Harchoux Mathias
Eogen kft
development of photovoltaic projects in Central Europe
JJ
Josep Jové
BIP DRIVE EDE, SA
General Manager
Luis Suárez de Lezo
Luis Suárez de Lezo
Alcobendas Hub
Partner
GM
Gino Mo
Gino MO
Diseñador
LE
Luciana Eleutério Soares Yokota
Na
Project Management Student
RT
ROSANA TANURI
WORLD CENTER
responsible for intelligence market and operations. New business and alliance opportunities
ad
avihai degani
IPgallery
President & CEO
GUILLERMO MANOSALVA
GUILLERMO MANOSALVA
CÁTEDRA LIBRE DE ESTUDIOS DE CIUDAD INTELIGENTE & SOSTENIBLE ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE
PRESIDENTE/CÁTEDRA LIBRE DE ESTUDIOS DE CIUDAD INTELIGENTE & SOSTENIBLE ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE
AM
Alexandre Martins
Sic
Diretoria técnica
AM
Annuar Mahuad
Montería Ciudad Amables S.A.S.
Ingeniero de Sistemas
Raül  Bonilla
Raül Bonilla
Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona
Marketing Project Technician
Boudewijn Pesch
Boudewijn Pesch
Axis Communications
Vice President APAC
AS
Antonio Sanchez
Trek Bicycles
Territory Manager
xs
xavier sas capdevila
Ignasi Clotet
engineer of sales

Only accessible for registered users
This content is available only for registered users
TO: $$toName$$
SUBJECT: Message from $$fromName$$