This article is available also in spanish here

What are green zones: This is how Europe wants to save its tourism from the pandemic

My list

Author | M. Martínez EuklidiadasTourism is one of the sectors most directly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is also one of the major driving forces in summer. To save it, some European countries may adopt the green zone strategy proposed by the researcher Miquel Oliu-Barton (et al), who seeks to turn the continent into a ‘network- with controlled quarantines and open-transit zones. Can it work?

How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected European tourism?

It has almost brought it to a complete halt, which is a major problem if we consider that tourism accounts for 10.3% of EU GDP and 11.7% of total employment, according to the European Parliament. Pursuant to the Eurostat, Spain and Italy were the most popular outbound tourism destinations and absolute leaders in nights spent in tourist accommodation in 2018.An European street, empty due to confinement measuresSince these two countries have been the hardest hit in Europe and the ones that implemented the strictest lockdown rules (of their own accord, closing borders; and enforced, with the cancellation of destinations in countries of origin), tourism has dropped in the entire eurozone, which would have to include the United Kingdom, Switzerland and Turkey.

What is the “green zoning” strategy?

With the aim of rescuing the European tourism sector, some EU members may follow a green zone strategy, which would include allowing people to travel between two seemingly virus-free zones, always emphasizing that zero-risk does not exist.The aim of this zoning is to reduce the spread of the virus but without punishing the eurozone economy. This solution involves a compromise between the minimum risk (closing borders) and maximum unemployment (closing tourism) by allowing flexibility while keeping the productive fabric alive. It is an extremely adaptable strategy that works at a country, region or city level.

How does this Covid-19 exit strategy work?

travelers with protective mask at an airportAs explained in the document ‘Exit strategy: from self-confinement to green zones’, this flexible and endless strategy (at least until a vaccine is found) is based on two main mechanisms:

1. Unification of green zones

Imagine that some neighboring zones have infected people, but others do not. Clearly, the infected areas are quarantined and outside of the green zone. After 14 to 28 days, the quarantined zones can join a growing green zone.

2. Green zone fragmentation

The other scenario is that a large green zone detects a focal point within the area. To stop it, it segments the area into smaller zones, which are quarantined. The closer it is to the focal point, the stricter it will be. Only when the virus abates, will the green zones be re-unified.

people in the subway wearing face masks

Could green zones actually save tourism in Europe?

Yes, somewhat; no, not entirely. There will inevitably be an economic recession. It is important to point out that opening green zones is not the only conditioning factor. The fear of the outdoors and infection, reduced family economies and possible new outbreaks are also obstacles for tourism.There is also a certain degree of uncertainty and the inability to plan: if I book a holiday for three weeks’ time, will I be able to travel to the destination? If I travel, will I be able to return if the zone is no longer green? Answering these questions, unfortunately, goes beyond science.Images | iStock/rarrarorro, iStock/sam thomas, iStock/LewisTsePuiLung, iStock/Manel Subirats

Related content
What causes the drought cycles in Africa?
What causes the drought cycles in Africa?
The German recycling system: the world’s best recycling country
The German recycling system: the world’s best recycling country
How many people can Earth support?
How many people can Earth support?
What is geoengineering and how can it be used to create resilient cities?
What is geoengineering and how can it be used to create resilient cities?
Blue Economy: Living with the Oceans and from the Oceans
Blue Economy: Living with the Oceans and from the Oceans
Felix Finkbeiner | Interview | Why We Need a Trillion Trees
Felix Finkbeiner | Interview | Why We Need a Trillion Trees
The Fight for a Pollution-Free Planet
The Fight for a Pollution-Free Planet
What has made Copenhagen the green capital of the world?
What has made Copenhagen the green capital of the world?
Turning Climate Action Risks into Opportunities
Turning Climate Action Risks into Opportunities
Odile Rodriguez de la Fuente | Keynote Session | Climate for Change
Odile Rodriguez de la Fuente | Keynote Session | Climate for Change
Renewable energy generation: description, types and objectives
Renewable energy generation: description, types and objectives
What happens to an ecosystem that experiences a prolonged drought?
What happens to an ecosystem that experiences a prolonged drought?
Pros and cons of Wind Energy: Advantages and challenges
Pros and cons of Wind Energy: Advantages and challenges
How is ocean pollution affecting humans?
How is ocean pollution affecting humans?
What is decarbonization? Targets and processes
What is decarbonization? Targets and processes
Rainwater catchment systems: from cisterns to smart infrastructures
Rainwater catchment systems: from cisterns to smart infrastructures
Where does recycling end and greenwashing begin?
Where does recycling end and greenwashing begin?
Connected agriculture: the Internet of Things extends to farming
Connected agriculture: the Internet of Things extends to farming
Projecting the port of the future 👉 Port of Barcelona, IV Strategic Plan 2021-2025
Projecting the port of the future 👉 Port of Barcelona, IV Strategic Plan 2021-2025
What is sustainable waste management and why should cities embrace it?
What is sustainable waste management and why should cities embrace it?
URBACT across EU countries: driving change at National Level
URBACT across EU countries: driving change at National Level
Smart water management: real cases of IoT that are helping to improve cities
Smart water management: real cases of IoT that are helping to improve cities
How Chennai wants to build resilience to climate change and the threats to its wetlands
How Chennai wants to build resilience to climate change and the threats to its wetlands
How Portugal is becoming a Smart Nation
How Portugal is becoming a Smart Nation
Tomorrow.Podcast 1x03: Reorganization of public space: who owns the streets?
Tomorrow.Podcast 1x03: Reorganization of public space: who owns the streets?
PODCAST 1x03 - Reorganization of public space: who owns the streets?
PODCAST 1x03 - Reorganization of public space: who owns the streets?
The three principles of sustainability and how to implement them in cities
The three principles of sustainability and how to implement them in cities
Sustainable food: reality or fantasy?
Sustainable food: reality or fantasy?
The countries predicted to lose the most with climate change
The countries predicted to lose the most with climate change
Young children are intuitive urban planners — we would all benefit from living in their ‘care-full’ cities
Young children are intuitive urban planners — we would all benefit from living in their ‘care-full’ cities
A city of empty houses: How work from home, job losses hit Bengaluru's residential rentals
A city of empty houses: How work from home, job losses hit Bengaluru's residential rentals
Energy needed a digital revolution – and we are it
Energy needed a digital revolution – and we are it
How the power of IoT makes smart cities a reality
How the power of IoT makes smart cities a reality
Laura Tenenbaum, scientist and communicator: We will lose some battles against climate change
Laura Tenenbaum, scientist and communicator: We will lose some battles against climate change
Cities: the unexpected driving force behind a green global revolution
Cities: the unexpected driving force behind a green global revolution
Heatwaves and urban heat islands: what are cities to do?
Heatwaves and urban heat islands: what are cities to do?
Malmo, the Swedish city that is neutralising its climate impact by betting on renewable energies
Malmo, the Swedish city that is neutralising its climate impact by betting on renewable energies
What we can learn from Oslo’s waste management system
What we can learn from Oslo’s waste management system
Zero-mile farming: infographic
Zero-mile farming: infographic
Smart Forest City Cancun: a futuristic orchard in the middle of the Riviera Maya
Smart Forest City Cancun: a futuristic orchard in the middle of the Riviera Maya
Which are the 12 greenest cities in the world?
Which are the 12 greenest cities in the world?
Do we consume more energy per capita, or less?
Do we consume more energy per capita, or less?
Smart City holidays: What will tourism be like in the future?
Smart City holidays: What will tourism be like in the future?
Solar cities: an opportunity not to be missed
Solar cities: an opportunity not to be missed
Recovering energy from traffic: positive energy roads
Recovering energy from traffic: positive energy roads
From nocturnal trucks to AI: how urban waste management is changing
From nocturnal trucks to AI: how urban waste management is changing
Amsterdam launches a modular urban lighting system
Amsterdam launches a modular urban lighting system
Copenhagen’s green future is built on the rooftops
Copenhagen’s green future is built on the rooftops
How does a city face the pandemic - Infographic
How does a city face the pandemic - Infographic
Geothermal energy: a simple solution for making urban heat more sustainable
Geothermal energy: a simple solution for making urban heat more sustainable
Recommended profiles for you
Remember to activate your profile to network!
Activate profile
PC
PAU CERVERA
REVOSOLAR
Technical Director
TR
Thomas Reukauf
Habbel ug
Partner
Fabian Arredondo
Fabian Arredondo
EcoPanels
Producer in EcoPanels Solutions
TF
TERESINHA FREIRE
controle & instrumentação
select and develop topics related to energy, technology, telecom, automation, business and industry
Fredrik Björklund
Fredrik Björklund
STUNS ENERGI
Innovation Project lead
Ravi Kanth Reddy Sathi
Ravi Kanth Reddy Sathi
Fluentgrid Limited
Senior Manager
TH
Takeya Hanada
Future Access Inc
Supervisor
Alfrazier Ahalul
Alfrazier Ahalul
MENRE
Land Management
Jop Spoelstra
Jop Spoelstra
Technolution
Innovation Manager Mobility and Energy
UM
Utkarsh Mehta
Fridays For Future
Volunteer
ZC
Zara Cuming
E.ON
Senior Product Manager
Teri Nolan-Range
Teri Nolan-Range
Nolan Energy Assoc
Founder
js
jordi sastre
no
Tecnico
DM
Daniel Mantovani
ECOL Saneamiento Ambiental
CEO
ME
Manuel Espinosa
CasaReal
Principal
Bert Krikke
Bert Krikke
4THECITY
Director
Krassimira Dimitrova
Krassimira Dimitrova
AHK Bulgarien
Project Manager
Barbara Evaeus
Barbara Evaeus
WWF
Global Communications Manager WWF Cities
jf
jose fernandez
aonchip
Business Development
PA
Pablo M. Alonso de Lomas Fdez.
ELON SMART TECH
CEO

Only accessible for registered users
This content is available only for registered users
TO: $$toName$$
SUBJECT: Message from $$fromName$$