Author | Arantxa HerranzIn 1800, less than 10 per cent of the population lived in urban areas. This figure now stands at 54%. Neither the rhythm nor the volume of urban growth is the same everywhere. Understanding cities, rates of development, distribution and population density is important in terms of designing urban infrastructures and managing these, in order to prevent inequality and to favour accessibility.
How the accessibility of a city is measuredIn order to know if a city is accessible, we can observe different points and from different perspectives, including physical and economical perspectives. A good example is the Access City Award granted by the European Union, which takes into account the following aspects:
- The surroundings and public spaces
- Transportation and related infrastructure
- Information and communications, including new technologies (ICT)
- Amenities and public services